The Indus River System supports nearly 210 MAF of average annual flows, of which India is capable of using nearly 31 MAF (15% of the total) from the three eastern rivers.  The water available above the terminals (7 MAF at Madhopur Headworks in the Ravi Basin, 13 MAF at Mandi Plain/Harike Headworks im Beas Basin and 14 MAF for Ropar Headworks in the Sutlej Basin) is 34 MAF, which excludes the availability of water in the areas downstream of these rim stations. In the absence of flooding from the Madhopur head to the Ravi River downstream, an additional 4549 MAF waters are available in an average year between the Madhopur head and the last border crossing point (Ravi-Syphon) to Pakistan, which is not yet used by India and also flows to Pakistan.  The floods also flow from Hussainiwala Headworks, the final dam to Pakistan via the Sutlej River in India. In addition, India has the right to use the waters of the West River for limited agricultural purposes and for unlimited agricultural, domestic, non-consuming, hydroelectric, etc.   Until 2019, India uses 31 MAF on its part and nearly 7.5 MAF on India`s unused share goes from the Ravi and Sutlej rivers to the territory of Pakistan downstream. India is conducting three projects to take full advantage of the eastern rivers, a) the Shahpurkandi Dam Project on the Ravi River, b) the Second Ravi Beas Link in Punjab and (c) the Ujh Dam Project on the Ujh River in Jammu and Kashmir.  This water is used by Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan and Delhi with the Nordic hill states.   In 1948, water rights in the river system were at the heart of a dispute over Indo-Pakistani water. Since the ratification of the treaty in 1960, despite several military conflicts, India and Pakistan have not fought any more water wars. Most disputes and disputes have been settled through legal procedures under the Treaty.  The Indus Water Treaty is now considered one of the most effective water-sharing efforts in the world, although analysts acknowledge the need to update some technical specifications and expand the scope of the climate change agreement.   The Indus Water Treaty is one of the most liberal water distribution agreements between the two countries.
The Pact between India and Pakistan was signed in Karachi in September 1960 by Jawaharlal Nehru, then Prime Minister of India, and Pakistani President Ayub Khan.